HIPS Publications

Somalia’s Healthcare System: A Baseline Study & Human Capital Development Strategy

Over the past three decades, Somalia has been an arena for endless armed conflict and natural disasters.The consequences of these events on the health sector in general and the health workforce, in particular, have been devastating, affecting the entire health service delivery. This study, commissioned by the Heritage Institute for Policy Studies (HIPS) and City […]

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Expanded Participation Model: Alternative for Somalia’s 2020 One-Person One-Vote Plan

On 21 February 2020, the President of Somalia,
Mohamed Abdullahi (Farmaajo), signed into law the long-awaited electoral bill that has been in the making for years. The leaders of the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) celebrated the signing of the bill as a historic achievement, because the law should, in theory, allow citizens to directly elect their representatives in the parliament for the first time since 1969. Moreover, the law was designed to be implemented during parliamentary election scheduled for later this year, and presidential election early next year

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State of Somalia (SOS) Report

The State of Somalia (SOS) Report focuses on the main developments and key trends in politics, security, economy, social services and the role of external actors from 1 January to 31 December 2019. The objective of the report is to: empirically and systemically document key events in Somalia; provide analysis and context to policymakers, academics and the general public; and support peace building and state building efforts in Somalia. During the reporting period, the political situation was characterized by major upheavals and a deepening rift between the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) and Federal Member States (FMS). Four out of the five states[1] held (or are still holding) elections which the FGS saw as an opportunity to influence, and, if possible, replace the often-hostile state leaders with loyalists who would implement its vision across the country

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The Galmudug Crisis: A Blueprint For Sustainable Settlement

The prospects of a permanent peace or prolonged conflicts are both potentially high in Galmudug. Notwithstanding the political booby traps, there is still a rare window of opportunity to find a comprehensive settlement to the political crises that has paralyzed Galmudug for years. Luckily, some key actors in the state seem to understand the importance of holding free, fair and democratic elections in the near future.

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Somalia: In Search of a Workable 2020 Electoral Model

For the fifth time since 2000, Somalia is searching for an electoral model that advances the country’s democratic process. This is both a cause for celebration and a cringe-worthy setback. Discourse around electoral models indicates that the country is unfailingly pursuing a democratic path in a region where autocracy dominates body politics. At the same […]

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Farmaajo’s Presidency: A scorecard for the first two years and the prospects for the remaining two.

Mohamed Abdullahi ‘Farmaajo’ was elected as the President of Somalia on February 8th, 2017 on a platform of comprehensive reform, improved security, political stability, a revived economy, reduced corruption and smart foreign policy. Two years later, the President’s scorecard is mixed, with some encouraging achievements in certain areas but plenty of shortcomings on most of the lofty political promises detailed during his presidential campaign.

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Options To End Somalia’s Current Political Stalemate

Somalia has entered a dangerous political
stalemate that could unravel the significant
progress made on peace-building and state building
since the end of the transition in
2012. The announcement on 8 September
2018 by the leaders of five federal member
states to suspend cooperation with the
Federal Government is alarming on many
levels, not least because such a coordinated
action by the states is unprecedented.

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Somalia Needs a Cogent Foreign Policy Agenda

After decades of being a backwater failed nation largely defined by civil wars, famine, piracy and terrorism, Somalia is suddenly finding itself at the center of arguably the most convulsing geopolitical conflict in a generation.

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Youth Migration in Somalia: Causes, Consequences and Possible Remedies

This research was aimed at investigating issues surrounding youth migration in Somalia. Citizens in seven populous cities in different geographical locations and administrations were surveyed and key informants were interviewed. The study has revealed that migration is high in even relatively peaceful places.

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Durable Solutions for Somali Refugees

Since 2014, over 73,000 Somali refugees have been repatriated from Dadaab – the world’s largest refugee camp in Kenya’s northeastern province. The majority of these returnees had previously fled from rural areas currently under the control of the Somali militant group Al-Shabaab.

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