HIPS Reports

As part of its mission to inform and influence public policy, the Heritage Institute for Policy Studies (HIPS) will produce a number reports each year focusing on major public policy issues. These reports are aimed at enhancing public understanding of the issues and making policy-relevant recommendations.

Our reports will vary in scope and depth given our wide area of expertise. From security and justice sector reform to federalism, state-building and the constitution, our highly qualified staff and experts will tackle various issues.

We will use these reports to generate a public discourse on policy matters.And while we will make recommendations based on our findings, we will engage relevant actors to enhance better understanding of the subjects we cover on a regular basis.

Finally, our reports are attempting to offer a Somali narrative to public policy issues. As a national research institution, we firmly believe that solutions to some of the toughest issues facing Somalia can only come from within.

Dysfunctional federalism: How political division, constitutional ambiguity and a unitary mindset thwart equitable distribution of power in Somalia

Article 1 of Somalia’s provisional constitution states that “Somalia is a federal state.” Article 3 (3) stipulates that “the federal republic of Somalia is founded upon the fundamental principles of power-sharing in a federal system.” In the spirit of collaborative federalism, Article 51 (2) underscores that “every government shall respect and protect the limits of its powers and the powers of other governments.” Despite these clearly worded constitutional guidelines, conflict is rife between the federal government of Somalia (FGS) and the Federal Member States (FMSs) and the rift is still widening. Over the past three years, the federalism discourse has been characterized by confrontation rather than collaboration. Failure to reach consensus on a power-sharing model has hampered progress on all other issues of national importance, including security, stabilization, institution building, reconciliation, provision of services, peace building, international relations and resource mobilization.

Also posted in Publications, Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Finding a Way Out of Somalia’s Manmade Electoral Crisis

We at HIPS strongly believe that the window of opportunity is rapidly closing. We propose two courses
of action to arrest an electoral crisis and find a pathway to truly inclusive solutions based on a workable
compromise among the key stakeholders.

Also posted in Publications | Leave a comment

Somalia Fisheries: Untapped Potential Held Back by Skills Shortage

Somalia is endowed with diverse and rich fisheries resources thanks to its highly productive coastal and upwelling systems. The national fisheries sector is still underdeveloped but is nevertheless very important as
it provides food, livelihood, income and employment opportunities for over 400,000 Somalis who directly or indirectly engage in various activities in the fisheries value chain and related services.1 It is also a major
source of protein for many internally displaced persons (IDPs) and other urban poor (especially those living in coastal areas) who cannot afford the basic traditional staples of meat and milk due to high inflation. At the
national level, the fisheries sector generates $135 million in value per year, which is equivalent to around two percent of gross domestic product (GDP

Also posted in Publications | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Somalia’s Healthcare System: A Baseline Study & Human Capital Development Strategy

Over the past three decades, Somalia has been an arena for endless armed conflict and natural disasters.The consequences of these events on the health sector in general and the health workforce, in particular, have been devastating, affecting the entire health service delivery. This study, commissioned by the Heritage Institute for Policy Studies (HIPS) and City […]

Also posted in Publications | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

State of Somalia (SOS) Report

The State of Somalia (SOS) Report focuses on the main developments and key trends in politics, security, economy, social services and the role of external actors from 1 January to 31 December 2019. The objective of the report is to: empirically and systemically document key events in Somalia; provide analysis and context to policymakers, academics and the general public; and support peace building and state building efforts in Somalia. During the reporting period, the political situation was characterized by major upheavals and a deepening rift between the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) and Federal Member States (FMS). Four out of the five states[1] held (or are still holding) elections which the FGS saw as an opportunity to influence, and, if possible, replace the often-hostile state leaders with loyalists who would implement its vision across the country

Also posted in Publications | Leave a comment

Somalia: In Search of a Workable 2020 Electoral Model

For the fifth time since 2000, Somalia is searching for an electoral model that advances the country’s democratic process. This is both a cause for celebration and a cringe-worthy setback. Discourse around electoral models indicates that the country is unfailingly pursuing a democratic path in a region where autocracy dominates body politics. At the same […]

Also posted in Publications, Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Youth Migration in Somalia: Causes, Consequences and Possible Remedies

This research was aimed at investigating issues surrounding youth migration in Somalia. Citizens in seven populous cities in different geographical locations and administrations were surveyed and key informants were interviewed. The study has revealed that migration is high in even relatively peaceful places.

Also posted in Publications, Uncategorized | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Durable Solutions for Somali Refugees

Since 2014, over 73,000 Somali refugees have been repatriated from Dadaab – the world’s largest refugee camp in Kenya’s northeastern province. The majority of these returnees had previously fled from rural areas currently under the control of the Somali militant group Al-Shabaab.

Also posted in Publications, Uncategorized | Tagged , , , , , , | 1 Response

Somalia’s Drought Induced Crises: Immediate Action and Change of Strategy Needed

The ongoing drought in Somalia – referred to in the Somali language as Sima, which means the leveler, ubiquitous or pervasive – has enveloped the entire country. If rain does not arrive by mid April, and if a massive humanitarian campaign is not mounted swiftly, the drought could morph into an insidious famine that could devastate the country.

Also posted in Publications, Uncategorized | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Land Matters in Mogadishu: Settlement, ownership and displacement in a contested city

Mogadishu has for more than two decades been one of the most highly contested cities in the world. Since the collapse of President Siyad Barre’s government in early 1991, it has been the object of both military and political struggles almost without interruption. This report considers the current state of land governance and the nature of continuing land […]

Also posted in Publications, Uncategorized | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment