Category Archives: Uncategorized

Survey of Public Opinion on Somalia’s Provisional Constitution

This public opinion survey highlights that citizens in five major cities have different perceptions [mainly positive] about the constitution, despite only being marginally consulted by the politicians about their opinions.

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A Memo For Somalia’s New Leaders on The Priorities of Citizens

The Heritage Institute for Policy Studies (HIPS) conducted a public opinion perceptions survey from January 9-23, 2017. HIPS asked a total of 1,364 adults aged 18 and older in Boosaaso, Beledweyne, Mogadishu, Baydhabo and Kismaayo about the policy areas they want the incoming government to focus on.

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Somalia’s Drought Induced Crises: Immediate Action and Change of Strategy Needed

The ongoing drought in Somalia – referred to in the Somali language as Sima, which means the leveler, ubiquitous or pervasive – has enveloped the entire country. If rain does not arrive by mid April, and if a massive humanitarian campaign is not mounted swiftly, the drought could morph into an insidious famine that could devastate the country.

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Land Matters in Mogadishu: Settlement, ownership and displacement in a contested city

Mogadishu has for more than two decades been one of the most highly contested cities in the world. Since the collapse of President Siyad Barre’s government in early 1991, it has been the object of both military and political struggles almost without interruption. This report considers the current state of land governance and the nature of continuing land […]

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Somalia’s parliament should produce a constitution by and for the people

As Somalia’s tenth parliament began its work in early 2017 and elected Mohamed Abdullahi ‘Farmaajo’ as president, the Heritage Institute for Policy Studies (HIPS) hopes lawmakers, national and sub-national politicians and civil society organizations will re-focus and prioritize the finalization of the constitution. HIPS is, therefore, presenting the first in a series of papers on […]

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Gaalkacyo Conflict: Drivers, Contributors and Potential Solutions

Gaalkayo is the only divided city with two different administrations in Somalia. A peaceful solution to the Gaalkacyo conflict could contribute to a peaceful Somalia. Therefore, the careful study, analysis and peaceful resolution of this conflict should not be underestimated. Read the full report here.

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Parliament should use Its oversight to improve electoral model

The electoral model by Somalia’s National Leaders Forum (NLF) outlining the 2016 selection/election plan does not adequately enhance the democratic process. Rather, some aspects of the proposed roadmap significantly stifle the prospects of a legitimate and inclusive election process. Read on…

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Exit Strategy Challenges for the AU Mission in Somalia

The African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) alone cannot defeat al-Shabaab. This can only happen if AMISOM can partner with a capable, legitimate and inclusive set of Somali security forces. Unfortunately, over the last decade, Somalia’s political leaders have failed to forge a political settlement that charts an agreed pathway towards creating an effective set of professional national security forces. Read on…

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Turkey’s Assistance Model in Somalia: Achieving Much With Little

The depth of Turkey’s relatively recent engagement in Somalia is visible in the capital Mogadishu. The rehabilitation of a 23-kilometer road across the capital, a new airport terminal and the rebuilding of the former Digfer hospital are all conspicuous symbols of Turkey’s role in the development of Somalia. Read more…..

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GENSOM-related Sources

Data and statistics: The 2016 World Bank Group Gender Data Portal on Somalia. Scholarly articles: Kassim, M., 2008. ” Dhikr will Echo from all Corners:” Dada Masiti and the Transmission of Islamic Knowledge. Bildhaan: An International Journal of Somali Studies, 2(1), p.7. News articles:

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