Somalia: In Search of a Workable 2020 Electoral Model

For the fifth time since 2000, Somalia is searching for an electoral model that advances the country’s democratic process. This is both a cause for celebration and a cringe-worthy setback. Discourse around electoral models indicates that the country is unfailingly pursuing a democratic path in a region where autocracy dominates body politics. At the same time, Somalia has consistently failed to shed a clan-based political dispensation and leap into universal suffrage once and for all. That is especially true for a country with democratic traditions going back to independence in 1960. In fact, the country’s first president, Aden Abdulle Osman, was also the first African president to lose — and concede defeat – in an African presidential election. President Osman rejected calls by his political base to remain in power for the sole purpose of deepening a nascent democracy.


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Markii shanaad ilaa sannadkii 2000, Soomaaliya waxa ay baadi-goobaysaa qaab doorasho oo dalka u horseeda hannaanka dimuqraadiyadda. Taasina waa arrin marna la bogaadiyo, marna astaan u ah dib-u-dhac, waji-gabax leh. Hadalhaynta hannaan doorasho oo dimuqraaddi ah waxa ay muujinaysaa in dalku uu hakasho la’aan cagta saaray waddadii dimuqraaddiyadda isaga oo dalku uu ku yaal gobol ay siyaasaddiisa la hareen, maamullo keli-talis ah. Dhanka kale, Soomaaliya waxa ay si joogto ah ugu fashilantay in ay iska rogto heeryada qabiil wax-ku-qaybsiga ee siyaasadda, ayna u gudubto si kama-danbays ah doorasho loo dhan yahay oo qof iyo cod ah. Soomaaliyana waxa ay ahayd, waddan dimuqraadiyadda iyo doorashooyinka xorta ah hiddo u leh, kuwaas oo soo bilaabay markii gobanimada la qaatay 1960. Weliba, madaxweynihii kowaad ee dalka, Aadan Cabdulle Cismaan (Aadan Cadde), waa madaxweynihii ugu horreeyey ee Afrika ee doorasho looga adkaado, kaas oo muran la’aan aqbala in laga cod-badiyey. Madaxweyne Aadan Cadde, waxa uu weliba diidey isku dayo taageerayaashiisa ay doonayeen in ay ugu qiil-dayaan si uu xukunka u sii hayo, isaga oo uga gol lahaa in uu xididada u sii aaso, dimuqraadiyaddii curdanka ahayd.

Soo rogo warbixinta oo dhan

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