Tag Archives: Abdi Aynte

State Of Somalia 2020 Report

This report covers the period from January 2020 to January 2021. It tracks the main developments in politics, security and the economy as well as in the humanitarian sector and also looks at the role of external actors. The report takes both qualitative and quantitative approaches to analyze the key events in Somalia during the reporting period.
The objective of the report is to (i) empirically document key events in Somalia (ii) provide analysis and context to policymakers, academics and the general public and (iii) support peacebuilding and statebuilding efforts in Somalia.

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Rebuilding Somalia’s Broken Justice System : Fixing the Politics, Policies and Procedures

Despite recent reforms, the formal justice system in Somalia is broken at the core, depriving equitable access to justice for millions of citizens. More than 10 years with no judicial system (1990- 2000) followed by 20 years of weak statutory courts (2000-2020) have had a profoundly deleterious
impact on the nation’s deeply decentralized judicial branch. As a result, a buffet of justice systems and alternative dispute mechanisms have flourished across the country, leading citizens to shop for the most favorable outcomes. This is compounded by a deep contestation over the interpretation of the provisional constitution and the ambiguous framework to establish the two most important judicial institutions: the Judicial Services Commission (JSC) and the Constitutional Court of Somalia
(CCoS). The federal parliament has yet to formally federalize the judicial branch as stipulated by the provisional constitution.

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The Economic Impacts of Covid-19 on Somalia

The COVID-19 pandemic disrupted Somalia’s economy though the country is expected to narrowly escape a recession owing to the limited number of infections and modest mitigation measures taken by the government. However, the country’s economic recovery is still at risk. Gross domestic product (GDP) growth is estimated to contract to 2.5% in 2020, down from 2.9% in the previous year, due to the pandemic and a number of associated issues such as declining remittances, reduced aggregate demand, disrupted supply chains and reductions in labor supply. The pandemic has also had an especially negative impact on the aviation sector, trade and fiscal revenue and moderately increased inflation in the first half of 2020.

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Somalia Fisheries: Untapped Potential Held Back by Skills Shortage

Somalia is endowed with diverse and rich fisheries resources thanks to its highly productive coastal and upwelling systems. The national fisheries sector is still underdeveloped but is nevertheless very important as
it provides food, livelihood, income and employment opportunities for over 400,000 Somalis who directly or indirectly engage in various activities in the fisheries value chain and related services.1 It is also a major
source of protein for many internally displaced persons (IDPs) and other urban poor (especially those living in coastal areas) who cannot afford the basic traditional staples of meat and milk due to high inflation. At the
national level, the fisheries sector generates $135 million in value per year, which is equivalent to around two percent of gross domestic product (GDP

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Options To End Somalia’s Current Political Stalemate

Somalia has entered a dangerous political
stalemate that could unravel the significant
progress made on peace-building and state building
since the end of the transition in
2012. The announcement on 8 September
2018 by the leaders of five federal member
states to suspend cooperation with the
Federal Government is alarming on many
levels, not least because such a coordinated
action by the states is unprecedented.

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Somalia needs conciliatory not confrontational politics

On October 14 Mogadishu was rocked by the deadliest explosion in its history, killing more than 400 people and injuring hundreds of others. Reliable figures are hard to come by, but the blast, which flattened the buildings around the clogged Zoppe Junction in the Hodan district, has caused mayhem and material destruction estimated to be in the millions of dollars.

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Federalism Dialogue in Mogadishu

On December 22, 2014, the Heritage Institute for Policy Studies (HIPS) conducted a field research on ‘National Dialogue on Federalism’ in Mogadishu as part of field research on Federalism. Read on…

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How Sharmarke Can Salvage Vision 2016

The appointment of Omar Abdirashid Ali-Sharmarke as the Prime Minister of the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) couldn’t come at a more critical time for Somalia. Political infighting has paralyzed the government for months, barely averting total collapse. Very little progress had been made to achieve the primary objectives of Vision 2016, the government’s roadmap. […]

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Isticmaalka Afka Soomaaliga

Machadka Heritage ee Daraasaadka oo kaashanaya Hey’adda Internews, wuxuu qabtay madal looga arrinsanayay sida ay warbaahinta Soomaalidu u isticmaasho afka Soomaaliga, iyo culeysyada kale ee haysta luuqadda, iyo siyaabaha wax looga qaban karo.

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Between Integration and Fragmentation

On October 23, 2014 a two member team from the Heritage Institute for Policy Studies (HIPS) attended a three-day conference dubbed “Federalism in Somalia” organized by HESPI and IGAD in Addis Ababa. The team presented this paper which is based on extensive fiedl research which was conducted by HIPS.

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