Tag Archives: Abdirashid Hashi

Board of Directors Immediate Release: Re: Change of Leadership at the Heritage Institute

Mogadishu, 11 February 2021: The Board of Directors of the Heritage Institute for Policy Studies (HIPS) has accepted the resignation of Abdirashid Hashi, the director of the institute for the past six years. His last day as the Executive Director of HIPS will be 28 February 2021. As per the
management procedures of the institute, the Deputy Director, Mursal Saney, will automatically become the acting Executive Director effective 01 March 2021.

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State Of Somalia 2020 Report

This report covers the period from January 2020 to January 2021. It tracks the main developments in politics, security and the economy as well as in the humanitarian sector and also looks at the role of external actors. The report takes both qualitative and quantitative approaches to analyze the key events in Somalia during the reporting period.
The objective of the report is to (i) empirically document key events in Somalia (ii) provide analysis and context to policymakers, academics and the general public and (iii) support peacebuilding and statebuilding efforts in Somalia.

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Averting Electoral Violence In Somalia

Without an urgent agreement on the implementation of the 17 September agreement, the prospects for a partial election by the FGS and its allies is real and that would almost certainly lead to the conflagration of violence across the country. The recently concluded Annual Forum for Ideas in Garowe, organized by the Heritage Institute for Policy Studies (HIPS), was the last-ditch effort to find a breakthrough in the electoral impasse. Although the ingredients for a compromise were identified, the FGS and FMS ultimately failed to translate that opportunity into a tangible settlement.

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Rebuilding Somalia’s Broken Justice System : Fixing the Politics, Policies and Procedures

Despite recent reforms, the formal justice system in Somalia is broken at the core, depriving equitable access to justice for millions of citizens. More than 10 years with no judicial system (1990- 2000) followed by 20 years of weak statutory courts (2000-2020) have had a profoundly deleterious
impact on the nation’s deeply decentralized judicial branch. As a result, a buffet of justice systems and alternative dispute mechanisms have flourished across the country, leading citizens to shop for the most favorable outcomes. This is compounded by a deep contestation over the interpretation of the provisional constitution and the ambiguous framework to establish the two most important judicial institutions: the Judicial Services Commission (JSC) and the Constitutional Court of Somalia
(CCoS). The federal parliament has yet to formally federalize the judicial branch as stipulated by the provisional constitution.

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The Economic Impacts of Covid-19 on Somalia

The COVID-19 pandemic disrupted Somalia’s economy though the country is expected to narrowly escape a recession owing to the limited number of infections and modest mitigation measures taken by the government. However, the country’s economic recovery is still at risk. Gross domestic product (GDP) growth is estimated to contract to 2.5% in 2020, down from 2.9% in the previous year, due to the pandemic and a number of associated issues such as declining remittances, reduced aggregate demand, disrupted supply chains and reductions in labor supply. The pandemic has also had an especially negative impact on the aviation sector, trade and fiscal revenue and moderately increased inflation in the first half of 2020.

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Productive labor and Employment Creation for Somalia : key challenges and strategies

Labor in Somalia can be divided into four historical phases: pre-colonial society, the colonial era, the postcolonial era and state collapse phase. In the pre-colonial period, animal husbandry and small-scale farming were the economic backbone of Somali society. Pastoralists herded livestock, moving from one place to another in search of pasture and water. The division of labor was most visible in nomadic communities. Young men and boys herded camels while women and girls looked after flocks of goats and sheep and made household items and erected collapsible huts.

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Somalia Fisheries: Untapped Potential Held Back by Skills Shortage

Somalia is endowed with diverse and rich fisheries resources thanks to its highly productive coastal and upwelling systems. The national fisheries sector is still underdeveloped but is nevertheless very important as
it provides food, livelihood, income and employment opportunities for over 400,000 Somalis who directly or indirectly engage in various activities in the fisheries value chain and related services.1 It is also a major
source of protein for many internally displaced persons (IDPs) and other urban poor (especially those living in coastal areas) who cannot afford the basic traditional staples of meat and milk due to high inflation. At the
national level, the fisheries sector generates $135 million in value per year, which is equivalent to around two percent of gross domestic product (GDP

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Options To End Somalia’s Current Political Stalemate

Somalia has entered a dangerous political
stalemate that could unravel the significant
progress made on peace-building and state building
since the end of the transition in
2012. The announcement on 8 September
2018 by the leaders of five federal member
states to suspend cooperation with the
Federal Government is alarming on many
levels, not least because such a coordinated
action by the states is unprecedented.

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Somalia needs conciliatory not confrontational politics

On October 14 Mogadishu was rocked by the deadliest explosion in its history, killing more than 400 people and injuring hundreds of others. Reliable figures are hard to come by, but the blast, which flattened the buildings around the clogged Zoppe Junction in the Hodan district, has caused mayhem and material destruction estimated to be in the millions of dollars.

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Survey of Public Opinion on Somalia’s Provisional Constitution

This public opinion survey highlights that citizens in five major cities have different perceptions [mainly positive] about the constitution, despite only being marginally consulted by the politicians about their opinions.

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